Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Skipjack tuna

Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL
Classification

Actinopterygii | Perciformes | Scombridae | Scombrinae
Synonyms

Scomber pelamis, Euthynnus pelamis, Gymnosarda pelamis
Common names

Listao, Listado, Skipjack tuna fish


Picture by Randall, J.E.


Main reference
Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen. 1983. (Ref. 168)
Other references | Biblio | Coordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborators
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 110 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 58652); common length : 80.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); max. published weight: 34.5 kg (Ref. 168); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 168)
Length at first maturity
Lm 42.8, range 40 - 45.4 cm
Environment
Pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 0 - 260 m (Ref. 9340), usually 0 - ? m (Ref. 55287)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 15°C - 30°C (Ref. 168); 58°N - 47°S, 180°W - 180°E
Distribution
Cosmopolitan in tropical and warm-temperate waters. Not found in the eastern Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 28950) and the Black Sea. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Short description
Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 15; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 14 - 15; Vertebrae: 41. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body without scales except for the corselet and the lateral line. Swim bladder absent. The back is dark purplish blue, lower sides and belly silvery, with 4 to six very conspicuous longitudinal dark bands which in live specimens may appear as continuous lines of dark blotches.
Biology
Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)
Found in offshore waters; larvae restricted to waters with surface temperatures of 15°C to 30°C (Ref. 6390). Exhibit a strong tendency to school in surface waters with birds, drifting objects, sharks, whales and may show a characteristic behavior like jumping, feeding, foaming, etc. Feed on fishes, crustaceans, cephalopods and mollusks; cannibalism is common. Spawn throughout the year in the tropics, eggs released in several portions (Ref. 35388). Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Preyed upon by large pelagic fishes (Ref. 6885). Also taken by trolling on light tackle using plugs, spoons, feathers, or strip bait (Ref. 9684). Marketed fresh, frozen or canned (Ref. 9340); also dried-salted and smoked (Ref. 9987).

 

From Fishbase



Tuna Skipjack