Freshwater Catfish, Tandanus tandanus (Mitchell,
The Freshwater Catfishis brown to olive green, reddish or even purplish
above, and pale below. The species is endemic to Australia.
Catfish, Cattie, Dewfish, Eel-tail Freshwater Catfish, Eel-tailed Catfish,
Jewfish, Kenaru, Tandan Catfish
The Freshwater Catfish has a short first dorsal fin and an eel-like tail.
The second dorsal fin originates above the middle of the body. The first
dorsal fin and pectoral fins are each preceded by a sharp serrated spine.
The down-turned mouth is surrounded by four pairs of barbels. It has no
scales. The species is brown to olive green, reddish or even purplish above,
and pale below. Juveniles have dark brown to black mottling.
The species grows to 90 cm in length but is more commonly seen up to 45
cm. It weighs up to 7 kg.
The species is endemic to Australia. It occurs throughout much of the
Murray-Darling River drainage and in coastal drainages from northern Queensland
to central New South Wales.
1. Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications.
2. Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & M. Allen. 2002. Field Guide to the
Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 394.
3. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In
Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume
35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
4. Pollard, D.A., Davis, T.L.O. & L.C. Llewellyn in McDowall, R.M. 1996.
Freshwater Fishes of South-Eastern Australia. Reed Books. Pp. 247.
5. Merrick, J.R. & G.E. Schmida. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Biology
and Management. John R. Merrick. Pp. 409.