(Bonnaterre, 1788); SCOMBRIDAE FAMILY; also called longfin tuna, long
in tropical and warm temperate seas, including the Mediterranean. Pelagic
and migratory. Usually remains in deep clear blue tropical or warm
waters, but makes seasonal migrations into colder zones (Tasmania . South
The most distinguishing feature of this member of the tuna and mackerel
family is its very long pectoral fins that reach to a point beyond the
anal fin. The pectoral fins of other adult tunas may also be moderately
long, but never extend all the way to the anal fin. Though the very long
pectoral fins readily distinguish the adult albacore from other adult tunas,
it should be noted that juvenile albacore might have shorter pectoral fins
than similar sized yellowfin tuna, T. albacares, or bigeye tuna, T. obesus.
The albacore can be distinguished from these species at any age by the
lack of stripes or spots on its lower flanks and belly and by the presence
of a thin, white trailing edge on the margin of the tail fin. The liver
is striated on the ventral surface. The deepest part of the albacore's
body is near the second dorsal fin, rather than near the middle of the
first dorsal fin as in other tunas, and the vent is round rather than oval
or teardrop shaped. The fins are dark yellowish, except for the white trailing
edge of the tail. The anal finlets are dark.
Fishing methods include trolling with feathered jigs, spoons and lures;
live and whole bait fishing with mullet, sardines, squid, herring, anchovies,
sardines and other small fishes. The albacore is considered by anglers
to be an excellent light tackle game fish.