Species: S. leichardti
(Gunther, A., 1864)
The saratoga, Scleropages leichardti, also known as the spotted bonytongue,
spotted saratoga, or southern saratoga, is a freshwater bony fish native
to Australia. It belongs to the subfamily Osteoglossinae, or arowanas,
a primitive group of teleosts. Like all arowanas, it is a carnivorous mouthbrooder.
Along with the gulf saratoga (S. jardinii), the saratoga is also known
as the Australian arowana (mainly by non-Australian aquarists) and barramundi,
although the latter name is nowadays reserved in Australia for the unrelated
This species is found in turbid waters and has a more restricted distribution
than the other Scleropages native to Australia, Scleropages jardinii.
Like all Scleropages, S. leichardti is a long-bodied fish with large scales,
large pectoral fins, and small paired barbels on its lower jaw. Each scale
on its dark colored body has a red or pink spot; this feature distinguishes
it from S. jardinii, which has several reddish spots on each scale in a
crescent shape. S. leichardti is a slimmer fish than other Scleropages;
a 90 cm (35 in.) fish was weighed at only 4 kg (8.8 lbs.), compared to
17.2 kg (38 lb.) for a S. jardinii of similar length. The depth of its
body is 23-25% of its Standard Length, and it has fewer fin rays than S.
jardinii. It is a popular aquarium fish, although it will eat other fish,
shrimp, yabbies etc, that are in the tank.
This species is not currently listed on any CITES appendix. . Its IUCN
Red List status is Lower Risk/near threatened (LT/nt) . Although it
does not occur naturally in Indonesia, it is a protected species in that
It has been stocked in number of dams in Queensland, Australia
* Scleropages leichardti (TSN 649801). Integrated Taxonomic Information
System. Retrieved on 19 March 2006.
* Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Scleropages leichardti" in
FishBase. 2 2006 version.
* Dawes, John; Chuan, Lim Lian; & Cheong, Leslie, ed (1999). Dragon Fish,
The. Havant, England: Kingdom Books England. ISBN 1852791004.